Limpopo Transborder Programme


With a mosaic of land uses, diverse management plans and man-made barriers to wildlife movement, the southern African region represents a challenging and fragile environment where rich resources and ecosystems adjacent to each other are separated by international borders. The rural communities occupying these remote areas have often been marginalized by national development processes, resulting in low education levels, poor sanitation, unsustainable subsistence livelihood strategies and high unemployment rates.  The missed opportunities for improvement may be redressed by introducing economically and environmentally sustainable land-use strategies benefiting both the fragile ecosystems and the rural communities.


Over the last decade, intense international interest has focused on the development of Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCA) as a means to address the constraints that conservation poses when excluding neighbouring communities from development opportunities, by  increasing  the regional environmental and economic development potential.  The TFCA concept is meant to remove the “value-sapping” effect of international boundaries in border areas and replace it with the “value adding” synergy resulting from co-ordinated joint planning, management and economic development of the wild lands and natural resources concerned.

The Italian Development Cooperation is funding the three-year programme Livelihood enhancement through Transboundary Natural Resource Management in the Limpopo Corridor (Limpopo Transboundary Programme) with the aim of creating real development opportunities for communities in the interstitial areas of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTFCA) along the three national borders of Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe.  The Programme, implemented through IUCN, is executed by CESVI.

The programme’s overall development goal is to improve the standards of living of people adjacent to protected areas in the GLTFCA along the three national borders.

Its expected outputs are:

  • Development of enabling policy frameworks for transboundary natural resource management.
  • Identification of socio-economic and ecological advantages of Transboundary Nature Resource Management (TBNRM).
  • Implementing natural resource management projects in the three countries.